Archive for May 15th, 2012

NTLDR is Missing Error Resolution

NTLDR Error Message

There are few different ways that the “NTLDR is missing” error may present itself, with the first listing being the most common:

  • “NTLDR is missing
    Press any key to restart”
  • “NTLDR is missing
    Press Ctrl Alt Del to restart”
  • “Boot: Couldn’t find NTLDR
    Please insert another disk”

The “NTLDR is missing” error displays very shortly after the computer is first started, immediately after the Power On Self Test (POST)is complete. Windows XP has only initially begun to load when the NTLDR error message appears.

Causes of NTLDR Errors

There are a number of possible causes for NTLDR errors, including the most common “NTLDR is missing” error message.

The most common reason for this error is when your PC is trying to boot from a hard drive or flash drive that is not properly configured to be booted from; in other words, it’s trying to boot from a non-bootable source. This also would apply to media on an optical drive or floppy drive that you’re trying to boot from.

Other possible causes include corrupt and misconfigured files, hard drive and operating system upgrade issues, corrupt hard drive sectors, an outdated BIOS, and damaged or loose IDE cables.

Fixes for NTLDR Errors

  1. Restart the PC. The NTLDR error could be a fluke.
  2. Check your floppy and optical (CD/DVD/BD) drives for media and disconnect any external drives. Often times, the “NTLDR is Missing” error will appear if your PC is trying to boot to a non-bootable floppy disk, CD/DVD/BD, or external hard drive or flash drive.

    Note: If you find that this is the cause of your problem and it’s happening a lot, you might want to consider changing the boot order in BIOS so the hard drive with Windows installed is listed first.

  3. Check the hard drive and other drive settings in BIOS and ensure they are correct. The BIOS configuration tells the computer how to use a drive so incorrect settings can cause problems, including NTLDR errors.

    Note: There is usually an Auto setting for hard drive and optical drive configurations in BIOS which is usually a safe bet if you’re not sure what to do.

  4. Restore the NTLDR and ntdetect.com files from the Windows XP CD. Restoring these two important system files from the original Windows XP CD may do the trick.
  5. Repair or replace the boot.ini file. This will prevent the NTLDR error if the cause of the problem is a boot.ini file that is not configured properly for your Windows XP installation.
  6. Write a new partition boot sector to the Windows XP system partition. If the partition boot sector has become corrupt or isn’t properly configured, you may receive the “NTLDR is Missing” error.
  7. Repair the Windows XP master boot record. NTLDR error messages may also appear if the master boot record is corrupt.
  8. Reseat all internal data and power cables. NTLDR error messages could be caused by loose or malfunctioning IDE cables.

    Try replacing the IDE cable cable if you suspect it might be faulty.

  9. Update your motherboard’s BIOS. Occasionally, an outdated BIOS version can cause the “NTLDR is Missing” error.
  10. Perform a repair installation of Windows XP. This type of installation should replace any missing or corrupt files. Continue troubleshooting if this does not resolve the issue.
  11. Perform a clean installation of Windows XP. This type of installation will completely remove Windows XP from your PC and install it again from scratch. While this will almost certainly resolve any NTLDR errors, it is a time consuming process due to the fact that all of your data must be backed up and then later restored.

    If you can’t gain access to your files to back them up, understand that you will lose them all if you continue with a clean installation of Windows XP.

  12. Replace the hard drive and then perform a new installation of Windows XP. If all else has failed, including the clean installation from the last step, you’re most likely facing a hardware issue with your hard drive.

NTLDR Errors Apply To

This issue applies to the Windows XP operating system, including Windows XP Professional and Windows XP Home Edition. Windows 7 and Windows Vista do not utilize NTLDR.

Still Having NTLDR Issues?

Let a community of PC support enthusiasts help out! Post the details of your problem in the Focus on PC Support Forums. Be sure to let them know what steps you’ve already taken to resolve the “NTLDR is missing” issue.

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How To Fix Missing Hal.dll Errors in Windows XP

Hal.dll Error Message

There are few different ways that the “missing or corrupt hal.dll” error may present itself, with the first listing being the most common:

  • “Windows could not start because the following file is missing or corrupt:
    <Windows root>\system32\hal.dll.
    Please re-install a copy of the above file.”
  • “<Winnt_root>\System32\Hal.dll missing or corrupt:
    Please re-install a copy of the above file.”
  • “Cannot find \Windows\System32\hal.dll”
  • “Cannot find hal.dll”

The “missing or corrupt hal.dll” error displays shortly after the computer is first started. Windows XP has not yet fully loaded when this error message appears.

Windows 7 & Vista: Hal.dll errors in Windows Vista and Windows 7 are often a different issue entirely. See How To Fix Hal.dll Errors in Windows 7 and Windows Vista for help.

Cause

Causes of the “missing or corrupt hal.dll” error include, naturally, a damaged hal.dll DLL file or a hal.dll file that has been deleted or moved from its intended location.

Additional causes may include a damaged or missing boot.ini file or possibly a physically damaged hard drive.

Hal.dll Error Troubleshooting

  1. Restart the PC. The hal.dll error could be a fluke.
  2. Check for proper boot order in BIOS. You might see the hal.dll error if the boot order in BIOS is first looking at a hard drive other than your main hard drive.

    Note: If you’ve recently changed your boot order or recently flashed your BIOS, this may be what’s causing your problem.

  3. Run Windows XP System Restore from a command prompt. If this doesn’t work or you’re receiving the hal.dll error message before you’re able to complete this process, move on to the next step.
  4. Repair or replace the boot.ini file. This will work if the cause of the problem is actually Windows XP’s boot.ini file and not the hal.dll file, which is often times the case.

    Note: If repairing the boot.ini does correct the hal.dll issue but the problem reappears after a reboot and you’ve recently installed Internet Explorer 8 in Windows XP, uninstall IE8. In this specific situation, IE8 could be the root cause of your hal.dll problem.

  5. Write a new partition boot sector to the Windows XP system partition. If the partition boot sector has become corrupt or isn’t properly configured, you may receive the hal.dll error.
  6. Recover data from any bad sectors on your hard drive. If the physical part of your hard drive that stores any part of the hal.dll file has been damaged, you’re likely to see errors like this.
  7. Restore the hal.dll file from the Windows XP CD. If the hal.dll file is truly the cause of the problem, restoring it from the original Windows XP CD may do the trick.
  8. Perform a repair installation of Windows XP. This type of installation should replace any missing or corrupt files. Continue troubleshooting if this does not resolve the issue.
  9. Perform a clean installation of Windows XP. This type of installation will completely remove Windows XP from your PC and install it again from scratch.

    Note: While this will almost certainly resolve any hal.dll errors, it is a time consuming process due to the fact that all of your data must be backed up and then later restored.

    Important: If you can’t gain access to your files to back them up, you should understand that you will lose them all if you continue with a clean installation of Windows XP.

  10. Test the hard drive. If all else has failed, including the clean installation from the last step, you’re most likely facing a hardware issue with your hard drive but you’ll want to test it to be sure.

    If the drive fails any of your tests, replace the hard drive and then complete a “new” installation of Windows XP.

Applies To

This issue applies to the Windows XP operating system, including Windows XP Professional and Windows XP Home Edition.Windows 7 and Windows Vista might also experience hal.dll errors but the causes are so different that it constituted an entirely different troubleshooting guide: How To Fix Hal.dll Errors in Windows 7 and Windows Vista.

Still Having Hal.dll Issues?

Let a community of PC support enthusiasts help out! Post the details of your problem in the PC Support Forum. Be sure to let them know what steps you’ve already taken to resolve the “missing or corrupt hal.dll” issue.

How To Fix BOOTMGR is Missing Errors for Windows Xp, Vista and 7

Question :- Recently i changed my Hard disk as it was corrupted with bad sectors, then while booting with new Hard drive i Faced BOOTMGR is Missing and Couldn’t find BOOTMGR Errors. could any one can help me resolving my problem.

Answer :- BOOTMGR Error Message

There are few ways that the “BOOTMGR is missing” error may show up on your computer, with the first error I have listed being the most common:

  • “BOOTMGR is missing
    Press Ctrl Alt Del to restart”
  • “BOOTMGR is missing
    Press any key to restart”
  • “Couldn’t find BOOTMGR”

The “BOOTMGR is missing” error displays shortly after the computer is turned on, immediately after the Power On Self Test (POST) is complete. Windows 7 or Windows Vista has only initially started to load when the BOOTMGR error message appears.

Causes of BOOTMGR Errors

There are a number of possible causes for BOOTMGR errors, including the most common “BOOTMGR is missing” error message.

The most common reasons for BOOTMGR errors include corrupt and misconfigured files, hard drive and operating system upgrade issues, corrupt hard drive sectors, an outdated BIOS, and damaged or loose IDE cables.

Another reason you might see BOOTMGR errors is if your PC is trying to boot from a hard drive or flash drive that is not properly configured to be booted from. In other words, it’s trying to boot from a non-bootable source. This also would apply to media on an optical drive or floppy drive that you’re trying to boot from.

Fixes for BOOTMGR Errors

  1. Restart the PC. The BOOTMGR error could be a fluke.
  2. Check your optical drives, USB ports, and floppy drives for media. Often times, the “BOOTMGR is Missing” error will appear if your PC is trying to boot to a non-bootable disc, external drive, or floppy disk.Note: If you find that this is the cause of your issue and it’s happening regularly, you might want to consider changing the boot order in BIOS so the hard drive is listed as the first boot device.
  3. Perform a Startup Repair of Windows. This type of installation shouldreplace any missing or corrupt files, including BOOTMGR.Even though a Startup Repair is a common solution for BOOTMGR problems, don’t worry if it doesn’t fix your problem. Just continue troubleshooting – something will work.
  4. Write a new partition boot sector to the Windows system partitionto correct any possible corruption, configuration problem, or other damage.The partition boot sector is an important piece in the boot process so if there’s any issue with it, you’ll see problems like “BOOTMGR is Missing” errors.
  5. Rebuild the Boot Configuration Data (BCD). Similar to the partition boot sector, a corrupted or incorrectly configured BCD could cause BOOTMGR error messages.Important: The following troubleshooting steps are much less likely to help fix your BOOTMGR problem. If you’ve skipped any of the above ideas then you may have overlooked a very likely solution to this problem!
  6. Check the hard drive and other drive settings in BIOS and ensure they are correct. The BIOS configuration tells the computer how to use a drive so incorrect settings can cause problems, including BOOTMGR errors.Note: There’s usually an Auto setting in BIOS for hard disk and optical drive configurations which is usually a safe bet if you’re not sure what to do.
  7. Reseat all internal data and power cables. BOOTMGR error messages could be caused by loose or malfunctioning power or controller cables.Try replacing the PATA or SATA cable if you suspect it might be faulty.
  8. Update your motherboard’s BIOS. An outdated BIOS version can sometimes cause the “BOOTMGR is Missing” error.
  9. Perform a clean installation of Windows. This type of installation will completely remove Windows from your PC and install it again from scratch. While this will almost certainly resolve any BOOTMGR errors, it’s a time consuming process due to the fact that all of your data must be backed up and then later restored.If you can’t gain access to your files to back them up, please understand that you will lose them all if you continue with a clean installation of Windows!
  10. Replace the hard drive and then install a new copy of Windows. If all else has failed, including the clean installation from the last step, you’re most likely facing a hardware issue with your hard drive.

BOOTMGR Errors Apply To

BOOTMGR issues apply to Windows 7 and Windows Vista operating systems only. Windows XP does not utilize BOOTMGR. The equivalent function in Windows XP is NTLDR.

Still Having BOOTMGR Issues?

Let a community of PC support enthusiasts help out! Post the details of your problem in the PC Support Forum. Be sure to let ‘PC Support Guys’ know what steps you’ve already taken to resolve the “BOOTMGR is missing” issue.

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